1979 – University of Tokyo Administration Bureau – Kenzo Tange

 

Administration Bureau Building 1 was designed by Kenzo Tange, and was built in 1979. It is located near the Tatsuoka mon; and, as its name suggests, it is used as the head office of the University. The building has 12 floors, which was uncommonly tall for 1979. Administration Bureau Building 2 was finished in 1976 as Faculty of Science Building 7. It was also designed by Kenzo Tange. The building is situated next to the Administration Bureau, and its design is similar to that of the latter. At first, the building was used for the mathematics, science, and geological science departments. The architecture of both buildings is exemplary for Tange’s late structuralism. The very solid and closed towers at each corner supports the structural clarity of the buidling. It’s expression is similar to an medieval castle, but in a modern construction.


Name: University of Tokyo Administration Bureau 1 / 2│Type: Office│Architect: Kenzo Tange │Completed: 1976 / 1979

Location

1979 – Royal Danish Embassy – Fumihiko Maki

dsc_3166Located next to the Hillside Terrace, the Danish Embassy is designed by the same architect, Fumihiko Maki. Although the salmon pink tiles immediately distinguish the embassy from the adjacent developement, the treatement is quite similar. The chancery facade acknowledges the curve of the street it faces. The translucent windows give privacy to the office spaces, while shoji-like screens provide privacy to the upperlevel office units.


Name: Royal Danish Embassy│Type: Office│Architect: Fumihiko Maki │Completed: 1979

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1977 – Sogetsu Kaikan – Kenzo Tange

Replacing an earlier facility, designed also by Kenzo Tange, this headquarters for the Sogetsu school of flower arrangement is essentially L-shaped in plan. A slit at the corner suggests two separate prisms placed a hairsbreadth apart. The blue reflective glass is a nod to Sofu Teshigahara, the founde of the school, whose first name is written with a character meaning blue. Isamu  Noguchi designed the so-called ‘plaza’, a large installation on the first floor.

 


Name: Sogetsu Kaikan│Type: Office / Museum│Architect: Kenzo Tange │Completed: 1977

Location

1976 – From 1st Building – Kazamusa Yamashita

The From-First building is a complex building of offices and shopping facilities in a fast growing fashionable area of Tokyo, called Minami-Aoyama. It was not based on the functional flow planning, but on a free composition with a circular movement. The elevation consists of expressive irregularities. The exterior and interior facade is covered with red brick tiles. The building is an outstanding example of early deconstruction architecture.


Name: From 1st Building│Type: Office / Commercial│Architect: Kazamusa Yamashita │Completed: 1976

Location


 

1976 – Embassy of the USA – Cesar Pelli

1976 - Embassy of the USA - Cesar Pelli
The building is made up of an 11-story east block and a two-two story west block, sitting on top of two basement floors. The tall block is steel-frame, the short block is reinforced concrete an the basement is steelframe reinforced concrete. The facade – an outsized banner of beige and blue – is scaled so as to be legible frm a speeding automobile.

Name: Embassy of the USA│Type: Office│Architect: Cesar Pelli │Completed: 1976

Location

1975 – Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum – Kunio Maekawa

The museum building incorporates three functions: a permanent and thematic exhibition function, an exhibit function for art groups and a cultural activities function. In response to the fore-mentioned three required functions, Maekawa established a broad open space in the middle and arranged a the building around it to create his basic composition.

Maekawa also established three themes to guide the design: Providing a “quiet, neutral” backdrop for the exhibited works, maintaining connection with the exterior environment, and using materials and construction methods that ensure optimal durability and thereby ‘produce remarkable results by means of ordinary materials.’” (Excerpt from the “Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum Basic Design Explanation”). On this basis, he worked out the concrete design details.
The critic, Shuichi Kato, wrote: “Tokyo streets have no order. Kunio Mayekawa has consistently tried to produce small urban spaces in this chaotic context, through his arrangement of plural building volumes on the site. The courtyards and voids within the building’s walls perform not only as passageways but as open spaces to breath, relax, meet people, and talk. His buildings, this is to say, contain harmonious urban spaces on a reduced scale.”

Name: Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum│Type: Museum│Architect: Kunio Maekawa │Completed: 1975

Location


1975 – Reiyukai Shakaden Temple – Takenaka Corporation

The Reiyukai Shakaden Temple in central Tokyo consists of the main hall, the public plaza, Kotani hall, conference rooms and a medical center. The  temple was completed in 1975, after four years of construction. The main hall has a capacity of 3’500 people. The roof and facade is covered with dark granite, its formal expression is inspired by traditional temple roof. The eclectic architecture of Reiyukai Shakaden is influenced by Seiichi Shirai’s idea of the bizzare.


Name: Reiyukai Shakaden Temple│Type: Temple│Architect: Takenaka Corporation │Completed: 1975

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1974 – Mizuho Corporate Bank – Togo Murano

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Shaped with a peculiarly sharpe edge as its north facade, the building cuts into the space of the busy Eitai Dori Avenue it faces. On the east side, the facade is covered with polished stone-covered vertical wall segments which are also triangular. This project by the highly versatile Togo Murano brought his architecture close to Seiichi Shirai’s design paradigm of the bizzare (see: Noa Building, 1974).


Name: Mizuho Corporate Bank│Type: Office│Architect: Togo Murano │Completed: 1974

Location


1974 – Noa Building – Seiichi Shirai

Built in 1974, the 15-storey building consists of a red-brick pedestal of about 8 meters height and a steel-covered and sculpture-like oval upper part that is dotted with very few windows, although the 8th floor has a full-length one. Monumental is the rusticated red brick lower section, which acts as a podium on which sits the high, oval block. To heighten the effect, an oversized and super-human arched gate leads to a rather dark, almost cryptiv entry space.


Name: Noa Building│Type: Office│Architect: Seiichi Shirai │Completed: 1974

Location


1976 – House in Uehara – Kazuo Shinohara

This house is located in Uehara, a well-to-do suburb of Tokyo less than half an hour from the city’s financial district. Consequently, the Uehara lot is quite small and the dwelling itself is some 9 metres on one side with no garden, while the main façade and carport give directly onto the narrow road. The client was an art photographer and the ground floor comprises his studio with a darkroom.

The upper storey is composed principally of the standard Japanese living-dining-kitchen space, although the kitchen and stair areas are partially screened by a massive articulated concrete pillar. This monolith burgeons with great struts rising to support the beamless concrete flat-slab roof and is part of a giant forest-like order whose tops are imposed and revealed throughout the residential storey.


Name: House in Uehara│Type: residential│Architect: Kazuo Shinohara │Completed: 1976

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