2000 – Tokyo Dome Hotel – Kenzo Tange

Designed by Kenzo Tange associates as architects, the strong lines of the Hotel’s tower, softened by gently curving surfaces, give the Tokyo Dome Hotel a sleek modern feeling. Its exterior, made of light and dark gray ceramic plates and permeable and reflective glasses, is a palette that reflects the sky and city, changing with the time and seasons. With 43 floors above ground and 3 below ground, the Tokyo Dome Hotel towers at a height of 155 meters a bove the city and has a total floor area of 105,856.6 ㎡, which includes 1,006 guest rooms, 8 restaurants & lounges, 18 small to large banquet rooms, chapel and other wedding facilities, a business center, a child care room, and an outdoor pool.

The Tokyo Dome Hotel was designed to harmonize with Tokyo Dome City, where the hotel is located, and become the City’s second symbol, following the Tokyo Dome. Hotel design incorporates the following three factors: gate, flow and contact. The construction period lasted from 1997 to 2000.


Name: Tokyo Dome Hotel│Type: Hotel│Architect: Kenzo Tange│Completed: 2000

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1996 – Fuji Television – Kenzo Tange

The Fuji television building – designed by Kenzo Tange Associates – adds to the dynamic skyline and is a superb complement to the architecturally innovative buildings of the waterfront area of Odaiba. More than just a building with a unique design, the headquarters houses a high-profile next-generation broadcasting center with an eye to the future. The building, which in many ways captures the essence of what’s best about Japan, has quickly attracted attention and thus a crowd of visitors.

The headquarters has 25 aboveground and 2 underground floors. Just to the left of the media tower is a unique spherical observation platform, with 53 square meters of floor space and a 32-meter diameter. The building stands 123.45 meters high and comprises a total floor space of 142,800 square meters. Construction began in May 1993 and was completed in June 1996. An important consideration when designing this kind of building is ensuring adequate space for people to gather and exchange ideas. The headquarters’ 4.8-meter-wide corridors provide not only convenient walkways but valuable space for casual talk and impromptu discussion. The building’s design emphasizes space and openness, which are important concepts to the image that Fuji Television wants to project. Kajima engineers used the “Mast Column”construction method, which features four steel-frame pillars grouped together, symbolic of the consolidation of our group companies, each supporting the other. In addition, the corridors connecting the two towers strengthen the structure, making it highly earthquake resistant.


Name: Fuji Television│Type: Office / Entertainment│Architect: Kenzo Tange│Completed: 1996

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1979 – University of Tokyo Administration Bureau – Kenzo Tange

 

Administration Bureau Building 1 was designed by Kenzo Tange, and was built in 1979. It is located near the Tatsuoka mon; and, as its name suggests, it is used as the head office of the University. The building has 12 floors, which was uncommonly tall for 1979. Administration Bureau Building 2 was finished in 1976 as Faculty of Science Building 7. It was also designed by Kenzo Tange. The building is situated next to the Administration Bureau, and its design is similar to that of the latter. At first, the building was used for the mathematics, science, and geological science departments. The architecture of both buildings is exemplary for Tange’s late structuralism. The very solid and closed towers at each corner supports the structural clarity of the buidling. It’s expression is similar to an medieval castle, but in a modern construction.


Name: University of Tokyo Administration Bureau 1 / 2│Type: Office│Architect: Kenzo Tange │Completed: 1976 / 1979

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1977 – Sogetsu Kaikan – Kenzo Tange

Replacing an earlier facility, designed also by Kenzo Tange, this headquarters for the Sogetsu school of flower arrangement is essentially L-shaped in plan. A slit at the corner suggests two separate prisms placed a hairsbreadth apart. The blue reflective glass is a nod to Sofu Teshigahara, the founde of the school, whose first name is written with a character meaning blue. Isamu  Noguchi designed the so-called ‘plaza’, a large installation on the first floor.

 


Name: Sogetsu Kaikan│Type: Office / Museum│Architect: Kenzo Tange │Completed: 1977

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1970 – Embassy of Kuwait – Kenzo Tange

The project consists of two distinct parts: the ambassador’s residence and the chancellery. Since the building program has these two distinct spaces, one chooses to place them according to their private or public appearance. Thus, on the first floors of the chancery building it is located while on top residence and dining room is located, clearly turned towards the courtyard as they would the typical Arab houses, giving privacy to the rooms. Despite this provision and space division, both have a common entrance.

The program centers around two vertical communication is distributed. On the ground floor is the entrance courtyard and lobby. From these one can go to the residence and access your waiting room or to access their respective embassy and waiting room. The basement is divided into two spaces at different heights containing the garage and the engine room. As one moves into the building first space is dedicated to the Foreign Ministry and then own the house of the ambassador.


Name: Embassy of Kuwait│Type: Governmental│Architect: Kenzo Tange│Completed: 1970

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1967 – Shizuoka Tower – Kenzo Tange

Built in the Ginza district, the Shizuoka Tower gave Tange a chance to materialize his Metabolist ideals, which called for a new urban typology that could self perpetuate in an organic, vernacular, “metabolic” manner. The narrow, 189 square-meter, triangular site inspired Tange to design a vertical structure, consisting of a main infrastructural core, which could develop into an urban megastructure, into which an ever-growing number of prefabricated capsules could be “plugged-in.”

The infrastructural core was a 7.7 meter diameter cylinder, reaching a height of 57 meters, containing stairs, two elevators, and a kitchen and sanitary facilities on each floor. The core served as an access shaft to the modular office units: cantilever glass and steel boxes of 3.5 meters which punctuated the main core on alternating sides. A total of thirteen individual offices were arranged in five groups of two or three modules connected asymmetrically to the central beam. Balconies formed in the gaps between the clusters, allowing for future units to potentially be “plugged-in,” an idea which never materialized. The structure today has the same amount of units as when first erected in 1967, and so Tange’s Metabolist vision for a perpetually regenerating, prefabricated urban megastructure was never fulfilled.


Name: Shizuoka Tower│Type: Office│Architect: Kenzo Tange│Completed: 1967

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1967 – Yukari Bunka Kindergarten – Kenzo Tange

In 1967, Yukari Bunka Kindergarten by Kenzo Tange was established. The architect choose  the spatial dimension to be comfortable to the children’s scale. The plan of the kindergarten has a radial arrangement. Each roof unit has in a strict sense a shape of a cone rather than a circular cylinder. In the original design the roof was to consist of prefabricated prestressed members. It was found, however, that some parts of the streets connecting the factory and the building site were too narrow to accommodate transportation of the prefabricated roof units. Therefore, we decided to “prefabricate” them in the site.


Name: Yukari Bunka Kindergarten│Type: Education│Architect: Kenzo Tange│Completed: 1967

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1964 – St. Mary Cathedral – Kenzo Tange

The St. Mary Cathedral has been completed in 1964, replacing the old wooden cathedral, in gothic style, burnt during wartime. Tange conceived the new church as a concrete structure, simple in concept and complex in shape, which recalls the lightness of a bird and its wings. The eight walls – the elements which hold the whole structure – are at the same time roof and walls, enclosing the space and opening to the outside through vertical gaps. The walls are curved hyperbolically to express the tension to the sky, and turning the rhomboidal ground floor into a cross at the roof top. The different heights of the wings, asymmetrical, make it a dynamic shape on the sky background. The highest wing is 39,41 m high.

 

The reflection of the sunlight on the stainless steel external cladding looks as a shining dress on the hard concrete slabs. Although it is a monochromatic cladding, the curves and the U-shaped profiles enhance the dynamicity of the structure. It all makes the church an iconic building in the dense urban context of Tokyo. The effect of the light on the curved walls, changing at every hour, makes the interior atmosphere extremely involving: direct sunlight and diffused reflections accompany the bending surfaces, and the visitor can immediately see and understand the curving of the concrete walls. St. Mary Cathedral is considered one of the most important of Tange’s work, and one of the most interesting architectures in Tokyo. The building puts together an occidental subject and the oriental culture and sensibility, resolving the complexity of the project in a brilliant architecture.

Name: St. Mary Cathedral│Type: Church│Architect: Kenzo Tange│Completed: 1964

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1964 – Yoyogi National Gymnasium – Kenzo Tange

Built for the 1964 Summer Olympic Games in Tokyo the Yoyogi National Gymnasium has become an architectural icon for its distinctive design.  Designed by one of Japan’s most famous modernist architects, Kenzo Tange, the gymnasium is a hybridization of western modernist aesthetics and traditional Japanese architecture. Tange’s innovative structural design creates dramatic sweeping curves that appear to effortlessly drape from two large, central supporting cables. It’s dynamically suspended roof and rough materials form one of the most iconic building profiles in the world.


Name: Yoyogi National Gymnasium│Type: Sports│Architect: Kenzo Tange│Completed: 1964

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